|p. 19|| The Senior Deacon
then says, "Since this is the case, you will wait till the Worshipful Master in the
east is made acquainted with his request, and his answer returned." The Senior Deacon
repairs to the Master, when the same questions are asked and answers returned as at the
door; after which the Master says, "Since he comes endowed with all these necessary
qualifications, let him enter this worshipful lodge in the name of the Lord, and take heed
on what he, enters." The candidate then enters, the Senior Deacon at the same time
pressing his naked left breast with the point of the compass, and asks the candidate,
"Did you feel anything?"
Ans. "I did."
Senior Deacon to candidate, "What was it?"
Ans. "A torture."
The Senior Deacon then says, "As this is a torture to your flesh, so may it ever be to your mind and conscience if ever you should attempt to reveal the secrets of Masonry unlawfully." The candidate is then conducted to the centre of the lodge, where he and the Senior Deacon kneel, and the Deacon says the following prayer:
"Vouchsafe thine aid, Almighty Father of the universe, to this our present convention; and grant that this candidate for Masonry may dedicate and devote his life to thy service, and become a true and faithful brother among us. Endue him with a competency of thy divine wisdom, that by the secrets of our art he may be the better enabled to display the beauties of holiness, to the honor of thy holy name." So mote it beAmen!"
The Master then asks the candidate, "In whom do you put your trust?"
Ans. "In God."
The Master then takes him by the right hand and says, "Since in God you put your trust, arise, follow your leader and fear no danger." The Senior Deacon then conducts the candidate three times regularly round the lodge, and halts at the Junior Warden in the south, where the same questions are asked and answers returned as at the door.
As the candidate and conductor are passing round the room, the Master reads the following passage of Scripture,
|p. 20||and takes the same time to read it that
they do to go round the lodge three times.
"Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard, that went down to the skirts of his garment as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion, for there the Lord commanded the blessing, even life for evermore."
The candidate is then conducted to the Senior Warden in the west, where the same questions are asked and answers returned as before, from whence he is conducted to the Worshipful Master in the cast, where the same questions are asked and answers returned as before. The Master likewise demands of him from whence he came and whither he is traveling.
The candidate answers, "from the west and traveling to the east."
Master inquires, "Why do you leave the west and travel to the east?"
Ans. "In search of light."
Master then says, "Since the candidate is traveling in search of light, you will please conduct him back to the west, from whence he came, and put him in the care of the Senior Warden, who will teach him how to approach the cast, the place of light, by advancing upon one upright regular step, to the first step, his feet forming the right angle of an oblong square, his body erect at the altar, before the Master, and place him in a proper position to take upon him the solemn oath or obligation of an Entered Apprentice Mason." The Senior Warden receives the candidate, and instructs him as directed. He first steps off with the left foot and brings up the heel of the right into the hollow thereof; the heel of the right foot against the ankle of the left, will of course form the right angle of an oblong square; the candidate then kneels on his left knee, and places his right foot so as to form a square with the left; he turns his foot round until the ankle bone is as much in front of him as the toes on the left foot, the
|p. 21||candidate's left hand is then put under
the Holy Bible, square and compass, and the right on them. This is the position in which a
candidate is placed when he takes upon him the oath or obligation of an Entered Apprentice
Mason. As soon as the candidate is placed in this position, the Worshipful Master
approaches him, and says, "Mr. A. B., you are now placed in a proper position to
take upon you the solemn oath or obligation of an Entered Apprentice Mason, which I assure
you is neither to affect your religion or politics. If you are willing to take it, repeat
your name and say after me:" [And although many have refused to take any kind of an
obligation, and begged for the privilege of retiring, yet none have ever made their
escape; they have been either coerced or persuaded to submit. There are thousands who
never return to the lodge after they are initiated.] The following obligation is then
I, A. B., of my own free will and accord, in presence of Almighty God and this worshipful lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, dedicated to God, and held forth to the holy order of St. John, do hereby and hereon most solemnly and sincerely promise and swear that I will always hail, ever conceal and never reveal any part or parts, art or arts, point or points of the secret arts and mysteries of ancient Freemasonry which I have received, am about to receive, or may hereafter be instructed in, to any person or persons in the known world, except it be to a true and lawful brother Mason, or within the body of a just and lawfully constituted lodge of such; and not unto him, nor unto them whom I shall hear so to be, but unto him and them only whom I shall find so to be after strict trial and due examination, or lawful information. Furthermore, do I promise and swear that I will not write, print, stamp, stain, hew, cut, carve, indent, paint, or engrave it on any thing movable or immovable, under the whole canopy of heaven, whereby or whereon the least letter, figure, character, mark, stain, shadow, or resemblance of the same may become legible or intelligible to myself or any other person in the known world, whereby the secrets of Masonry may be unlawfully obtained through my unworthiness. To all of which I do most solemnly and sincerely promise and swear, without the least equivocation, mental reservation, or self evasion of mind in me
|p. 22||whatever; binding myself under no less
penalty than to have my throat cut across, my tongue torn out by the roots, and my body
buried in the rough sands of the sea at low water-mark, where the tide ebbs and flows
twice in twenty-hours; so help me God, and keep me steadfast in the due performance of the
After the obligation the Master addresses the candidate in the following manner: "Brother, to you the secrets of Masonry are about to be unveiled, and a brighter sun never shone lustre on your eyes; while prostrate before this sacred altar, do you not shudder at every crime? Have you not confidence in every virtue? May these thoughts ever inspire you with the most noble sentiments; may you ever feel that elevation of soul that shall scorn a dishonest act. Brother, what do you most desire?"
Master to brethren, "Brethren, stretch forth your hands and assist in bringing this new made brother from darkness to light." The members having formed a circle round the candidate, the Master says, "And God said let there be light, and there was light." At the same time all the brethren clap their hands, and stamp on the floor with their right foot as heavy as possible, the bandage dropping from the candidate's eyes at the same instant, which, after having been so long blind, and full of fearful apprehensions all the time, this great and. sudden transition from perfect darkness to a brighter [if possible] than the meridian sun in a mid-summer day, sometimes produces an alarming effect. I once knew a man to faint on being brought to light; and his recovery was quite doubtful for some time; however, he did come to, but he never returned to the lodge again. I have often conversed with him on the subject; he is yet living, and will give a certificate in support of the above statement at any time if requested.
After the candidate is brought to light, the Master addresses him as follows: "Brother, on being brought to light, you first discover three great lights in Masonry, by the assistance of three lesser; they are thus explained: the three great lights in Masonry are the Holy Bible, Square and Compass. The Holy Bible is given to us as a rule and guide for our faith and practice; the Square, to square our
|p. 23||actions, and the Compass to keep us in
due bounds with all mankind, but more especially with the brethren. The three lesser
lights are three burning tapers, or candles placed on candlesticks (some say, or candles
on pedestals) they represent the sun, moon, and Master of the lodge, and are thus
explained. As the sun rules the day and the moon governs the night, so ought the
worshipful Master with equal regularity to rule and govern his lodge, or cause the same to
be done; you next discover me, as Master of this lodge, approaching you from the east upon
the first step of Masonry, under the sign and due-guard of an Entered Apprentice Mason.
(The sign and due-guard has been explained.) This is the manner of giving them; imitate me
as near as you can, keeping your position. First step off with your left foot, and bring
the heel of the right into the hollow thereof, so as to form a square. [This is the first
step in Masonry.] The following is the sign of an Entered Apprentice Mason, and is the
sign of distress in this degree; you are not to give it unless in distress. [It is given
by holding your two hands transversely across each other, the right hand upwards and one
inch from the left.] The following is the due-guard of an Entered Apprentice Mason. [This
is given by drawing your right hand across your throat, the thumb next to your throat,
your arm as high as the elbow in a horizontal position.] "Brother, I now present you
my right hand in token of brotherly love and esteem, and with it the grip and name of the
grip of an Entered Apprentice Mason." The rights hands are joined together as in
shaking hands and eachsticks his thumb nail into the third joint or upper end of the
forefinger; the name of the grip is Boaz, and is to be given in the following
manner and no other; the Master first gives the grip and word, and divides it for the
instruction of the candidate; the questions are as follows: The Master and candidate
holding each other by the grip, as before described, the Master says, "What is
Ans. "A grip."
"A grip of what?"
Ans. "The grip of an Entered Apprentice Mason."
|p. 24|| "Has it a
Ans. "It has."
"Will you give it to me?"
Ans. "I did not so receive it, neither can I so impart it."
"What will you do with it?"
Ans. "Letter it or halve it."
"Halve it and begin."
Ans. "You begin."
Master says, "Right, brother Boaz, I greet you. It is the name of the left hand pillar of the porch of King Solomon's temple. Arise, brother Boaz, and salute the Junior and Senior Wardens, as such, and convince them that you have been regularly initiated as an Entered Apprentice Mason, and have got the sign, grip and word." The Master returns to his seat while the Wardens are examining the candidate, and gets a lambskin or white apron, presents it to the candidate, and observes, "Brother, I now present you with a lambskin or white apron. It is an emblem of innocence, and the badge of a Masonit has been worn by kings, princes and potentates of the earth, who have never been ashamed to wear it. It is more honorable than the diadems of kings, or pearls of princesses, when worthily worn; it is more ancient than the Golden Fleece or Roman Eagle, more honorable than the Star and Garter, or any other order that can be conferred upon you at this or any other time, except it be in the body of a just and lawfully constituted lodge; you will carry it to the Senior Warden in the west, who will teach you how to wear it as an Entered Apprentice Mason." The Senior Warden ties the apron on, and turns up the flap instead of letting it fall down in front of the top of the apron. This is the way Entered Apprentice Masons wear, or ought to wear their aprons until they are advanced. The candidate is now conducted to the Master in the east, who says, "Brother, as you are dressed, it is necessary you should have tools to work with; I will now present you with the working tools of an Entered Apprentice
|p. 25||Mason, which are the twenty-four inch gauge and common gavel; they are thus explained:The twenty-four inch gauge is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to measure and lay out their work, but we as Free and Accepted Masons make use of it for the more noble and glorious purpose of dividing our time. The twenty-four inches on the gauge are emblematical of the twenty-four hours in the day, which we are taught to divide into three equal parts, whereby we find eight hours for the service of God, and a worthy, distressed brother, eight hours for our usual vocations, and eight for refreshment and sleep; the common gavel is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to break off the corners of rough stones, the better to fit them for the builder's use, but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, use it for the more noble and glorious purpose of divesting our hearts and consciences of all the vices and superfluities of life, thereby fitting our minds as living and lively stones, for that spiritual building, that house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. I also present you with a new name; it is CAUTION; it teaches you that as you are barely instructed in the rudiments of Masonry, that you should be cautious over all your words and actions, particularly when before the enemies of Masonry. I shall next present you with three precious jewels, which are a listening ear, a silent tongue, and a faithful heart. A listening ear teaches you to listen to the instructions of the Worshipful Master; but more especially that you should listen to the calls and cries of a worthy, distressed brother. A silent tongue teaches you to be silent while in the lodge that the peace and harmony thereof may not be disturbed, but more especially that you should be silent before the enemies of Masonry that the craft may not be brought into disrepute by your imprudence. A faithful heart teaches you to be faithful to the instructions of the Worshipful Master at all times, but more especially, that you should be faithful, and keep and conceal the secrets of Masonry, and those of a brother, when given to you in charge, as such; that they may remain as secure and inviolable in your breast as in his own, before communicated to you. I further present you with checkwords, two; their names are truth and union, and are thus explained: Truth is a divine attribute and the foundation|
|p. 26||of every virtue; to be good and true, is
the first lesson we are taught in Masonry; on this theme we contemplate, and by its
dictates endeavor to regulate our conduct; hence, while influenced by this principle,
hypocrisy and deceit are unknown among us; sincerity and plain dealing distinguish us, and
the heart and tongue join in promoting each other's welfare and rejoicing in each other's
Union is that kind of friendship which ought to appear conspicuous in every Mason's conduct. It is so closely allied to the divine attribute, truth, that he who enjoys the one, is seldom destitute of the other. Should interest, honor, prejudice, or human depravity ever induce you to violate any part of the sacred trust we now repose in you, let these two important words, at the earliest insinuation, teach you to pull on the check-line of truth, which will infallibly direct you to pursue that straight and narrow path which ends in the full enjoyment of the Grand Lodge above, where we shall all meet as Masons and members of the same family, in peace, harmony, and love; where all discord on account of politics, religion, or private opinion shall be unknown and banished from within your walls.
Brother, it has been a custom from time immemorial to demand, or ask from a newly made brother, something of a metallic kind, not so much on account of its intrinsic value, but that it may be deposited in the archives of the lodge, as a memorial, that you were herein made a Mason;a small trifle will be sufficient,anything of a metallic kind will do; if you have no money, anything of a metallic nature will be sufficient: even a button will do." [The candidate says he has nothing about him; it is known he has nothing.] "Search yourself," the Master replies. He is assisted in searching, nothing is found. "Perhaps you can borrow a trifle," says the Master. [He tries to borrow, none will lend himhe proposes to go into the other room where his clothes are; he is not permitted. If a stranger, he is very embarrassed.] Master to candidate, "Brother, let this ever be a striking lesson to you and teach you, if you should ever see a friend, or more especially a brother in a like penniless situation, to contribute as liberally to his relief as his situation may require, and your abilities will admit, without material injury to yourself or family." Master to Senior Deacon.
|p. 27||"You will conduct the candidate back
from whence he came, and invest him of what he has been divested, and let him return for
further instruction." The candidate is then conducted to the preparation room, and
invested of what he had been divested, and returns to the north-east corner of the lodge,
and is taught how to stand upright like a man; when and where the following charge is, or
ought to be delivered to him; though it is omitted nine times out of ten, as are near
one-half of the ceremonies.
Master to candidate, "Brother, as you are now initiated into the first principles of Masonry, I congratulate you on having been accepted into this ancient and honorable order; ancient, as having subsisted from time immemorial; and honorable, as tending in every particular so to render all men who will become conformable to its principles. No institution was ever raised on a better principle, or more solid foundation, nor were ever more excellent rules and useful maxims laid down than are inculcated in the several Masonic lectures. The greatest and best of men in all ages have been encouragers and promoters of the art, and have never deemed it derogatory to their dignity to level themselves with the fraternity, extend their privileges, and patronize their assemblies."
There are three great duties, which, as a Mason, you are charged to inculcate. To God, your neighbor, and yourself. To God, in never mentioning his name but with that reverential awe that is due from a creature to his Creator; to implore his aid in all your laudable undertakings, and to esteem him as the chief goodTo your neighbor, in acting upon the square and doing unto him as you wish he should do unto you; and to yourself in avoiding all irregularity, or intemperance which may impair your faculties, or debase the dignity of your profession. A zealous attachment to these principles will ensure public and private esteem. In the state you are to be a quiet and peaceable subject, true to your government and just to your country; you are not to countenance disloyalty, but faithfully submit to legal authority, and conform with cheerfulness to the government of the country in which you live. In your outward demeanor be particularly careful to avoid censure or reproach. Although your frequent appearance at our regular meetings is earnestly
|p. 28||solicited, yet it is not meant that
Masonry should interfere with your necessary vocations; for these are on no account to be
neglected; neither are you to suffer your zeal for the institution to lead you into
argument with those, who, through ignorance, may ridicule it. At your leisure hours, that
you may improve in Masonic knowledge, you are to converse with well-informed brethren, who
will be always as ready to give, as you will be to receive information. Finally, keep
sacred and inviolable the mysteries of the order, as these are to distinguish you from the
rest of the community, and mark your consequence among Masons. If, in the circle of your
acquaintance, you find a person desirous of being initiated into Masonry, be particularly
attentive not to recommend him, unless you are convinced he will conform to our rules,
that the honor, glory, and reputation of the institution may be firmly established, and
the world at large convinced of its good effects."
The work of the evening being over, I will proceed to give a description of the manner of closing the lodge. It is a very common practice in lodges to close a lodge of Entered Apprentices, and open a lodge of Fellow Crafts, and close that, and open a Master Mason's lodge, all in the same evening.
Some brother generally makes a motion that the lodge be closed; it being seconded and carried:
The Master to the Junior Deacon"Brother Junior," [giving one rap which calls up both Deacons,] "the first as well as the last care of a Mason?
Ans. "To see the lodge tyled, Worshipful."
Master to Junior Deacon, "Attend to that part of your duty, and inform the Tyler that we are about to close this lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons, and direct him to tyle accordingly." The Junior Deacon steps to the door and gives three raps, which are answered by the Tyler with three more; the Junior Deacon then gives one, which is also answered by the Tyler by one. The Junior Deacon then opens the door, delivers his message, and resumes his place in the lodge and says, "The door is tyled, Worshipful."
Master to Junior Deacon, "By whom?"
Ans. "By a Master Mason without the door, armed with the proper implements of his office."
|p. 29|| Master to Junior
Deacon, "His business there?"
Ans. "To keep off all cowans and eavesdroppers and ace that none pass or repass without permission from the chair."
Master to Junior Deacon, "Your place in the lodge, brother Junior?"
Ans. "At the right hand of the Senior Warden in the west."
Master to Junior Deacon, "Your duty there?"
Ans. "To wait on the Worshipful Master and Wardens, act as their proxy in the active duties of the lodge, and take charge of the door."
Master to the Junior Deacon, "The Senior Deacon's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "At the right hand of the Worshipful Master in the east."
Master to Senior Deacon, "Your duty there, brother Senior?"
Ans. "To wait on the Worshipful Master and Wardens, act as their proxy in the active duties of the lodge, attend to the preparation and introduction of candidates, receive and clothe all visiting brethren."
Master to the Senior Deacon, "The Secretary's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "At your left hand, Worshipful."
Master to Secretary, "Your duty there, brother Secretary?"
Ans. "Duly to observe the Master's will and pleasure; record the proceedings of the lodge; transmit a copy of the same to the Grand Lodge, if required; receive all moneys and money bills from the hands of the brethren; pay them over to the Treasurer, and take his receipt for the same."
Master to the Secretary, "The Treasurer's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "At the right hand of the Worshipful Master."
Master to Treasurer, "Your business there, brother Treasurer?"
Ans. "Duly to observe the Worshipful Master's will and pleasure; receive all moneys and money bills from the hands of the Secretary; keep a just and accurate account of the same; pay them out by order of the Worshipful Master and
|p. 30||consent of the brethren.
Master to the Treasurer, "The Junior Warden's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "In the south, Worshipful."
Master to the Junior Warden, "Your business there, brother Junior?"
Ans. "As the sun in the south, at high meridian, is the beauty and glory of the day, so stands the Junior Warden in the south, at high twelve, the better to observe the time; call the crafts from labor to refreshment; superintend them during the hours thereof; see that none convert the purposes of refreshment into that of excess or intemperance; call them on again in due season, that the Worshipful Master may have honor, and they pleasure and profit thereby."
The Master to the Junior Warden, [I wish the reader to take particular notice that in closing the lodge the Master asks the Junior Warden as follows: "The Master's place in the lodge?" and in opening he asks the Senior Warden the same question.] "The Master's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "In the east, Worshipful."
Master to Junior Warden, "His duty there?"
Ans. "As the sun rises in the east to open and adorn the day, so presides the Worshipful Master in the east to open and adorn his lodge; set his crafts to work with good and wholesome laws, or cause the same to be done."
Master to Junior Warden, "The Senior Warden's place in the lodge?"
Ans. "In the west, Worshipful."
Master to Senior Warden, "Your business there, brother Senior?"
Ans. "As the sun sets in the west to close the day, so stands the Senior Warden in the west to assist the Worshipful Master in opening and closing the lodge; take care of the jewels and implements; see that none be lost; pay the crafts their wages, if any be due, and see that none go away dissatisfied."
The Master now gives three raps, when all the brethren rise, and the Master asks, "Are you all satisfied?" They answer in the affirmative, by giving the due-guard. Should the Master discover that any declined giving it, inquiry is immediately made why it is so; and if any member is dissatisfied
|p. 31||with any part of the proceedings, or with
any brother, the subject is immediately investigated. Master to the brethren, "Attend
to giving the signs; as I do so do you; give them downwards" (which is by giving the
last in opening, first in closing. In closing, on this degree, you first draw your right
hand across your throat, as herein before described, and then hold your two hands over
each other as before described. This is the method pursued through all the degrees; and
when opening on any of the upper degrees, all their signs, of all the preceding degrees,
are given before you give the signs of the degree on which you are opening.) This being
done, the Master proceeds, "I now declare this lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons
regularly closed in due and ancient form. Brother Junior Warden, please inform brother
Senior Warden, and request him to inform the brethren that it is my will and pleasure that
this lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons be now closed, and stand closed until our next
regular communication, unless a case or cases of emergency shall require earlier
convention, of which every member shall be notified; during which time it is seriously
hoped and expected that every brother will demean himself as becomes a Free and Accepted
Mason." Junior Warden to Senior Warden, "Brother Senior, it is the Worshipful
Master's will and pleasure that this lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons be closed, and
stand closed until our next regular communication, unless a case or cases of emergency
shall require earlier convention, of which every brother shall be notified; during which
time it is seriously hoped and expected that every brother will demean himself as becomes
a Free and Accepted Mason." Senior Warden to the brethren, "Brethren, you have
heard the Worshipful Master's will and pleasure, as communicated to me by brother Junior;
so let it be done." Master to the Junior Warden, "Brother Junior, how do Masons
Ans. 'On the level."
Master to Senior Warden, "How do Masons part?"
Ans. "On the square."
Master to the Junior and Senior Wardens, "Since we meet on the level, brother Junior, and part on the square, brother Senior, so let us ever meet and part, in the name of the Lord." Here follows a prayer sometimes used. Master
|p. 32||to the brethren, "Brethren, let us
"Supreme Architect of the Universe! accept our humble praises for the many mercies and blessings which thy bounty has conferred upon us, and especially for this friendly and social intercourse. Pardon, we beseech thee, whatever thou hast seen amiss in us since we have been together; and continue to us thy presence, protection and blessing. Make us sensible of the renewed obligations we are under to love thee supremely, and to be friendly to each other. May all our irregular passions be subdued; and may we daily increase in faith, hope and charity, but more especially in that charity which is the bond of peace, and perfection of every virtue. May we so practice thy precepts that through the merits of the Redeemer we may finally obtain thy promises, and find an acceptance through the Gates, and into the Temple and City of our God. So mote it beAmen."
A Benediction, oftener used at closing than the preceding prayer.
May the blessing of heaven rest upon us and all regular Masons; may brotherly love prevail, and every moral and social virtue cement us. So mote it beAmen.
After the prayer the following charge ought to be delivered, but it is seldom attended to; in a majority of lodges it is never attended to.
Master to brethren, "Brethren, we are now about to quit this sacred retreat of friendship and virtue to mix again with the world. Amidst its concerns and employment forget not the duties which you have heard so frequently inculcated, and so forcibly recommended in this lodge. Remember, that around this altar, you have promised to befriend and relieve every brother who shall need your assistance. You have promised in the most friendly manner to remind him of his errors and aid a reformation. These generous principles are to extend further: Every human being has a claim upon your kind offices. Do good unto all. Recommend it more "especially to the household of the faithful." Finally, brethren, be ye all of one mind, live in peace, and may the God of love and peace delight to dwell with and bless you."
In some lodges, after the charge is delivered, the Master says, "Brethren, form on the square." When all the brethren
|p. 33||form a circle, and the Master, followed
by every brother (except in using the words) says, "And God said let there be light,
and there was light." At the same moment that the last of these words drops from the
Master's lips, every member stamps with his right foot on the floor, and at the same
instant bring their bands together with equal force, and in such perfect unison with each
other that persons situated so as to hear it would suppose it the precursor of some
dreadful catastrophe. This is called "the shock."
Having described all the ceremonies and forms appertaining to the opening of a lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons, setting them to work, initiating a candidate, and closing the lodge, I will now proceed to give the lecture on this degree. It is divided into three sections. The lecture is nothing more or less than a recapitulation of the preceding ceremonies and forms, by way of question and answer, and fully explains the same. In fact, the ceremonies and forms (generally Masonically called the work) and lectures are so much the same that he who possesses a knowledge of the lectures cannot be destitute of a knowledge of what the ceremonies and forms are. As the ceremonies used in opening and closing are the same in all the degrees it is thought best to give the whole in one insertion; it being the sincere wish of the writer that every reader should perfectly understand all the formulas of the whole Masonic fabric, as he then will thereby be able to form correct opinions of the propriety or impropriety, advantages or disadvantages of the same.
First Section of the Lecture on the First Degree of Masonry.
"From whence come you as an Entered Apprentice Mason?"
Ans. "From the holy lodge of St. John, at Jerusalem."
"What recommendations do you bring?"
Ans. "Recommendations from the Worshipful Master, Wardens and brethren of that right worshipful lodge, whom greet you."
"What comest thou hither to do?"
Ans. "To learn to subdue my passions, and improve myself in the secret arts and mysteries of ancient Freemasonry."
|p. 34|| "You are a
Mason then, I presume?'
Ans. "I am."
"How shall I know you to be a Mason?"
Ans. "By certain signs and a token."
"What are signs?"
Ans. "All right angles, horizontals and perpendiculars."
"What is a token?"
Ans. "A certain friendly and brotherly grip, whereby one Mason may know another, in the dark as well as in the light."
"Where were you first prepared to be made a Mason?"
Ans. "In my heart."
Ans. "In a room adjacent to the body of a just and lawfully constituted lodge of such."
"How were you prepared?"
Ans. "By being divested of all metals, neither naked nor clothed, barefoot nor shod, hoodwinked, with a Cable Tow* about my neck, in which situation I was conducted to the door of the lodge."
"You being hoodwinked how did you know it to be a door?"
Ans. "By first meeting with resistance, and afterwards gaining admission."
"How did you gain admission?"
Ans. "By three distinct knocks from without, answered by the same within."
"What was said to you from within?"
Ans. "Who comes there? Who comes there? Who comes there?
Ans. "A poor blind candidate who has long been desirous of having and receiving a part of the rights and benefits of this worshipful lodge, dedicated to God, and held forth to the holy order of St. John, as all true fellows and brothers have done, who have gone this way before me."
"What further was said to you from within?"
Ans. "I was asked if it was of my own free will and accord I made this request, if I was duly and truly proposed, worthy and well qualified, all of which being answered in the affirmative, I was asked by what further rights I expected
*Three miles long
|p. 35||to obtain so great a favor or
Ans. "By being a man, free born, of lawful age and well recommended."
"What was then said to you?"
Ans. "I was bid to wait till the Worshipful Master in the cast was made acquainted with my request and his answer returned."
"After his answer returned what followed?"
Ans. "I was caused to enter the lodge."
Ans. "On the point of some sharp instrument pressing my naked left breast in the name of the Lord."
"How were you then disposed of?"
Ans. "I was conducted to the center of the lodge and there caused to kneel for the benefit of a prayer." [See page 19]
"After prayer what was said to you?"
Ans. "I was asked in whom I put my trust."
Ans. "In God."
Ans. "The Worshipful Master took me by the right hand and said, 'Since in God you put your trust, arise, and follow your leader, and fear no danger.' "
"How were you then disposed of?"
Ans. "I was conducted three times regularly round the lodge and halted at the Junior Warden in the south, where the same questions were asked and answers returned as at the door."
"How did the Junior Warden dispose of you?"
Ans. "He ordered me to be conducted to the Senior Warden in the west; where the same questions were asked and answers returned as before."
"How did the Senior Warden dispose of you?"
Ans. "He ordered me to be conducted to the Worshipful Master in the east, where the same questions were asked and answers returned as before, who likewise demanded of me from whence I came and whither I was traveling."
Ans. "From the west and traveling to the east."
|p. 36|| "Why do you
leave the west and travel to the east?"
Ans. "In search of light."
"How did the Worshipful Master then dispose of you?"
Ans. "He ordered me to be conducted back to the west, from whence I came me, and put in the care of the Senior Warden, who taught me how to approach the east, the place of light, by advancing upon one upright regular step to the first step, my feet forming the right angle of an oblong square, my body erect at the altar before the Worshipful Master."
"What did the Worshipful Master do with you?"
Ans. "He made an Entered Apprentice Mason of me."
Ans. "In due form."
"What was that due form?"
Ans. "My left knee bare, bent, my right forming a square; my left hand supporting the Holy Bible, Square, and Compass, and my right covering the same; in which position I took upon me the solemn oath or obligation of an Entered Apprentice Mason. [See page 21.]
"After you had taken your obligation what was said to you?"
Ans. "I was asked what I most desired."
"Were you immediately brought to light?"
Ans. "I was."
Ans. "By the direction of the Master and assistance of the brethren."
"What did you first discover after being brought to light?"
Ans. "Three great lights in Masonry, by the assistance of three lesser."
"What were those three great lights in Masonry?"
Ans. "The Holy Bible, Square and Compass."
"How are they explained?"
Ans. "The Holy Bible is given to us as a guide for our faith and practice; the Square to square our actions; and the Compass to keep us in due bounds with all mankind, but more especially with the brethren."
may know another in the dark as well as the light."
|p. 37|| "What were
those three lesser lights?"
Ans. "Three burning tapers, or candle, on candle sticks."
"What do they represent?"
Ans. "The Sun, Moon, and Master of the lodge."
"How are they explained?"
Ans. "As the Sun rules the day, and the Moon governs the night, so ought the Worshipful Master to use his endeavors to rule and govern his lodge with equal regularity or cause the same to be done."
"What did you next discover?"
Ans. "The Worshipful Master approaching me from the east, under the sign and due-guard of an Entered Apprentice Mason, who presented me with his right hand in token of brotherly love and esteem, and proceeded to give me the grip and word of an Entered Apprentice Mason, and bid me arise and salute the Junior and Senior Wardens and convince them that I had been regularly initiated as an Entered Apprentice Mason, and was in possession of the sign, grip and word."
"What did you next discover?"
Ans. "The Worshipful Master a second time approaching me from the east, who presented me with a lambskin or white apron, which he said was an emblem of innocence, and the badge of a Mason; that it had been worn by kings, princes and potentates of the earth who had never been ashamed to wear it; that it was more honorable than the diadems of kings or pearls of princesses, when worthily worn, and more ancient than the Golden Fleece, or Roman Eagle, more honorable than the Star or Garter, or any other order that could be conferred upon me at that time or any time thereafter, except it be in the body of a just and lawfully constituted lodge of Masons; and bid me carry it to the Senior Warden in the west, who taught me how to wear it as an Entered Apprentice Mason."
"What were you next presented with?"
Ans. "The working tools of an Entered Apprentice Mason."
"What were they?"
Ans. "A twenty-four inch gauge and common gavel."
"How were they explained?"
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